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Northeast India


India's northeast corner, a stretch of extremely rugged mountainous terrain intersected by the broad Brahmaputra valley, squeezed between Bhutan, Tibet and Myanmar, is justifiably considered the richest birding area in the country. 

Along the western edge of the region, the eastern Himalaya rise from an elevation of less than 100m in the plains of Assam through Arunachal Pradesh to over 7000m at the border with Tibet in less than 100km.  The enormous range of altitudes within relative proximity of one another, together with their corresponding climates and vegetation, from moist sub-tropical forests in the lowlands to temperate conifer forests on steep upland slopes, not to mention localised habitat diversity created by aspect, enables different complexes of species to exist almost side by side.  

Associated hill ranges to the south and east, extending through western Arunachal Pradesh and into Nagaland, host their own specialities, the Brahmaputra creating a natural border with many species at the eastern or western extremes of their ranges - this is the confluence of the Palaearctic region with both the Indo-Malayan and Indian sub-regions of the Oriental bio-geographic realm, bringing together floral and faunal elements of the subcontinent with those of Myanmar, Tibet and southern China. 

These unique geographical conditions have enabled the development of one of the finest wildlife assemblages Asia has to offer.  Both Assam's Brahmaputra basin and the montane rainforest of the Eastern Himalaya are important Endemic Bird Areas, home to some of India's most sought after restricted range specialities among a host of resident species, Palaearctic and altitudinal migrants. 

In addition, an incredible array of mammals make their home here, most notably Indian One-horned Rhinoceros, Hoolock Gibbon, the elusive Red Panda and Mishmi Takin.  Northeast India is the richest area for butterflies in the entire Oriental region, best explored in the plains of Assam and the hills of Meghalaya to the southeast.


Bugun Liocichla

Assam Plains & the Eastern Himalaya

Tour Code: NE001 / 18 days

Nameri - Dirang (Sela Pass & the Mandala Road) - Eaglenest - Kaziranga

Comprehensive coverage of the altitudinal zones represented in the bird-rich Eastern Himalaya, from the floodplains and swamp forests of lowland Assam through dense montane rainforests to exposed mountain passes. 


Specialities of the Eastern Himalaya

Tour Code: NE002 / 16 days

Nameri - Dirang (Sela Pass & the Mandala Road) - Eaglenest

A thorough exploration of the mid to high altitude E. Himalayan environment of Arunachal Pradesh and the enigmatic specialties restricted to these elevations - can extend into summer months due to the temperate climate of the hills.

NE003 - Black-breasted Parrotbill

The Brahmaputra Valley

Tour Code: NE003 / 10 days

Dibru-Saikhowa - Digboi - Dehing-Patkai - Kaziranga

This tour traverses Assam's Brahmaputra valley, exploring some of the region's least visited birding hotspots, and its most famed, for restricted range specialities of the swamp forest, elephant grass, wetlands and fringing rainforest.

Marsh Babbler

Upper Assam & the Mishmi Hills

Tour Code: NE004 / 12 days

Dibru-Saikhowa - Mishmi Hills

Combining the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra floodplain, a mosaic of forest and remnant grassland, with the enchanting forest draped hills of Mishmi, a repository of east Himalayan avian specialities.

Archduke male

Assam & Meghalaya - birds and butterflies

Tour Code: NE005 / 14 days

Hoollongapar-Gibbon - Kaziranga - Nameri - Shillong

Encouraged by the moderate climate, northeast India is home to an impressive assemblage of butterflies, explored here at three key sites in the floodplain of the Brahmaputra and in the mid-altitude highlands of Shillong.

Asiatic Wild Buffalo

Wildlife of the Assam Plains

Tour Code: NE006 / 12 days

Nameri - Kaziranga - Hollongapar-Gibbon

Sample the largest concentration of mammals in Asia, that make their home in the fertile alluvial plains of the Brahmaputra and the sub-Himalayan forests that cloak the rising mountains.